Safe to Learn
Safe to Learn is an initiative dedicated to ending violence in and through schools so children are free to learn, thrive and pursue their dreams. Safe to Learn presents an opportunity to unlock the multiple wins of ending violence in schools, improving learning outcomes, better leveraging investments in education, and raising awareness and change attitudes towards violence against children.
To date, 15 countries have endorsed Safe to Learn's Call to Action, which sets out in high-level terms what needs to happen to end violence in schools. These countries include Cambodia, El Salvador, Georgia, Ghana, Honduras, Jamaica, Jordan, Lebanon, Mexico, Moldova, Nepal, Sierra Leone, South Africa, South Sudan, Uganda.
The growing coalition behind Safe to Learn includes the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF), the Foreign, Commonwealth & Development Office (UK FCDO), the United Nations Girl’s Education Initiative (UNGEI), the Civil Society Forum to End Violence against Children, the World Bank, Education Cannot Wait (ECW), the Global Partnership for Education (GPE), the Global Business Coalition for Education (GBCE), Global Affairs Canada (GAC), the World Health Organisation (WHO), the Global Coalition to Protect Education from Attack, the United Nations Special Representative of the Secretary-General on Violence Against Children, and the Global Partnership to End Violence Against Children.
Our shared vision is to work with governments, civil society organisations, communities, teachers and children themselves to end the violence that undermines education and make sure every child — especially the most marginalized — is Safe to Learn.
In every country around the world, children are experiencing violence in schools. That violence comes in many different forms, from corporal punishment to attacks to bullying to sex for grades. Violence also prevents many children, especially girls and children from marginalized groups, from even attending school and accessing equal educational opportunities. No matter the type, violence in and through schools can leave a lasting mark on children, following them into adulthood and threatening their ability to become productive adults.
Bullying is one of the most common forms of school violence. It is characterized by aggressive behaviour that involves unwanted actions repeated over time, often as a result of a power imbalance between perpetrators and victims. Children with disabilities, for example, are three times more likely than their peers to suffer from physical violence in schools. Among all students, cyberbullying is becoming an increasingly devastating problem; in 2019, UNICEF reported that 70 percent of young people have experienced online violence, digital harassment and cyberbullying. Physical bullying is the most frequent type of bullying in most regions, though psychological bullying is more common in North America and Europe.
Though most school violence occurs between students, certain forms of violence, such as physical and sexual violence, are sometimes perpetrated by teachers or other school staff. Nearly 720 million school-aged children live in countries where corporal punishment at school is not fully prohibited. In addition, one-fourth of the world's children live in countries experiencing conflict and crisis, and in 2017, 500 attacks on schools were documented in the Democratic Republic of Congo, South Sudan, Syria and Yemen alone.
While school violence often occurs on school premises, it also takes place on the way to and from school.
With partners, and informed by the INSPIRE strategies to end violence against children, we have developed a Call to Action which sets out in high-level terms what needs to happen to end violence in schools. It recognizes that we need to work across many sectors, including health and justice, and with all levels of the wider school community. Working to end violence in and through schools supports the implementation of the INSPIRE strategies.
The Call to Action recognizes a range of contexts and varying needs to tackle school violence. It is not intended to be exhaustive, but rather to highlight some of the actions that need to be taken.
With thanks to UNICEF and UK FCDO, the Call to Action was translated into a Programmatic Framework & Benchmarking Tool, which provides practical actions and technical guidance to support partners and countries accelerate action towards ending violence against children in schools. This tool formed the basis of a diagnostic exercise that was piloted in four countries, used to measure the degree to which governments are meeting the five priorities of the Call to Action.
Safe to Learn Call to Action
Every child deserves to be safe and secure in school so that they can learn, grow and develop the skills and confidence they need to lead healthy and prosperous lives. Schools have the potential to be transformative in promoting positive social norms and gender equality. But for too many girls and boys around the world, school is a place of violence and fear. Schools also provide a valuable entry point for working with families and communities to end violence against children more broadly. Physical, sexual and psychological violence in and through schools, including online, affects children and young people everywhere.
Violence is often a result of unequal gender and power dynamics. Girls and boys experience different forms of violence. Girls are more likely to experience psychological bullying, sexual violence and harassment; boys more likely to experience corporal punishment and physical violence; children who do not conform to gender norms or stereotypes are particularly vulnerable to violence and bullying.
Children with disabilities are more than three times as likely as their peers to suffer physical violence in schools, and girls with disabilities are at up to three times greater risk of rape. In fragile, conflict and crisis contexts, students and staff, face risks greater risks, such as targeted and indiscriminate attacks from the military or other groups.
Violence impedes learning and is detrimental to children’s well-being. It decreases self-esteem, reduces attendance, lowers grades, leads many children to drop out of school altogether and can result in serious health issues. It also contributes to a destabilising cycle of violence where child victims are more likely to be perpetrators or victims later in life.
Whether sexual exploitation for grades, corporal punishment in the classroom or bullying and harassment, all forms of violence in schools can and must be prevented. It is both the right and the smart thing to do – morally, socially and economically – as it enhances a child’s chances of staying in school, increases their ability to fulfil their potential and breaks the cycle of violence.
Together we can end violence in schools. We must ensure that children’s voices are heard, and they have the space to take action. Teachers, communities, governments and leaders must be accountable for prevention of and response to violence, and prioritize the individual needs and wellbeing of the child and everyone in the school community.
Ending violence in and through schools requires coordinated efforts at multiple levels. We call upon partners to support national and sub-national governments to:
Implement policy and legislation
National, regional and local governments develop and enforce laws and policies that protect children from all forms of violence in and through schools, including online.
Ministries of education implement policies to improve systems, capacity and skills to prevent and respond to violence in schools across the education system.
National governments prohibit corporal punishment in schools and promote positive discipline.
National governments establish multi-sectoral child friendly response and referral mechanisms to support victims of violence in schools.
National governments endorse and implement the Safe Schools Declaration and use the Guidelines for Protecting Schools and Universities from Military Use during Armed Conflict.
Strengthen prevention and response at the school level
School staff, students, and management committees provide safe and gender-sensitive learning environments for all children that promote positive discipline, child-centred teaching and protect and improve children’s physical and mental wellbeing.
School curricula are reviewed and strengthened to include effective approaches to preventing violence and promoting equality and respect.
Safeguarding policies and procedures, such as codes of conduct, digital safety guidance, or violence reporting procedures are implemented and monitored in schools.
Schools ensure the physical environment in and through schools is safe and designed with the wellbeing of all students in mind.
Shift social norms and behaviour change
Parents, teachers, children, local government and community leaders recognize the devastating impact of violence in schools and take action to promote positive social norms and gender equality to ensure schools are safe spaces for learning.
Schools promote child-rights education and ensure children and teachers know their rights and respect the rights of others.
Schools, parents and community leaders work together to promote non-violent behaviors and promote a safe school environment.
Students, parents, caregivers, teachers and community members empower one another to speak up and take positive action against violence that they or their peers have experienced.
Invest resources effectively
Increased and better use of investments targeted at ending violence in schools.
National Governments increase domestic resources to support people, programming, and processes to end violence in schools.
Donors increase resources targeted at the country and global level to end violence in schools, investing in effective approaches.
The Private Sector increases financial, technical and in-kind resources to end violence in schools.
Generate and use evidence
Countries and the international community generate and use evidence on how to effectively end violence in schools.
Governments, schools and donors support the disaggregated data collection and monitoring of activities that prevent violence in schools.
Donors and research partners increase investment in research and evaluation about interventions to prevent violence in schools (in particular longitudinal studies).
Schools collect disaggregated data on incidents of violence in a safe and ethical manner to support targeted and better-quality interventions.
The Youth Manifesto
This youth manifesto calls on world leaders to end violence in and through schools. It was written on December 1st, 2018 by more than 100 young people from around the world gathered at the Junior Chamber International (JCI) African Youth Development Summit in Johannesburg, South Africa, at a session facilitated by UNICEF, Global Citizen, JCI and the Global Partnership to End Violence Against Children ahead of the Global Citizen Mandela 100 Festival. The Manifesto draws on the input of one million young people who responded to a global poll conducted by UNICEF.
DIVERSITY & TOLERANCE
Equality is the foundation of promoting diversity and tolerance in schools. Equality should be taught and demonstrated at home and reinforced in schools. We must recognize that we are all equal. Our differences, including culture, gender, identity, disability, sexual orientation, nationality, race, ethnicity, migration status, and religion make us unique and should be celebrated rather than divide us. Our curricula, teachers, society, media, and institutions like government, bear a responsibility to promote, practice, teach and ensure that schools are a safe and inclusive space for everyone. They have responsibility to remove and prevent stigma that holds us back from equality in the classroom and in the world.
PROTECTION FOR ALL STUDENTS
In keeping with the principle of peaceful, respectful coexistence, and as institutions through which change can be made, schools, in collaboration with parents, peers and society at large, must care for, support and protect all students – those who experience violence and those who engage in violent behaviour.
We commit to being respectful and careful in how we treat our community and to speak up when it is safe to do so. Kindness is a responsibility that begins each of us.
We commit to breaking taboos and the victimization around reporting violence. We will seek out trusted authorities such as teachers, counsellors, community representatives and other students when we witness or learn of violence in and through school. We also commit to creating youth-led channels for reporting violence. Taking Action We commit to start and support initiatives that will promote unity, curiosity, and mutual respect at home, in school, and in our communities – including online. We will protect each other and have each other’s backs. [#I’veGotYourBack]
TAKE US SERIOUSLY
We demand that our parents, guardians, school as an institution, policymakers, and communities recognize our essence of being, our equality, our right to dignity, our right to exist in harmony in environments that are free of violence in all its forms. We demand that where violence may exist it must be addressed with the required urgency, without placing the burden on the child.
ESTABLISH CLEAR RULES
We demand the protection and prevention of all forms and levels of violence in schools governed by clear rules, regulations, and action plans to enable reform and recourse for a safe learning environment for all.
MAKE LAWS RESTRICTING WEAPONS
We demand that policymakers pass and implement laws restricting the presence and use of any objects as weapons in schools, including but not limited to guns and knives.
ENSURE OUR SAFETY TO AND FROM SCHOOL
We demand safety on our journey to and from school. We don’t want anyone to harm us in any way. We also demand to be protected by the law, and punishment for the lawbreakers.
PROVIDE SECURE SCHOOL FACILITIES
We demand safe learning environments, including buildings and grounds, playing fields, and fixed equipment. We want hallways, classrooms, and bathrooms with gender neutral options, to adequately lit. We expect security measures like gates, cameras, and properly trained security personnel where appropriate. School staff and students need instruction about what to do in the case of an emergency.
TRAIN TEACHERS AND COUNSELLORS
We demand that teachers and counsellors undertake on-going training and are able to identify, respond to, support and refer learners who are affected by issues of school-based violence to appropriate services. Training should equip teachers and counsellors to be emotionally intelligent, to deal with inclusivity and diversity issues and to provide positive discipline for all children.
TEACH CONSENT AND RESPOND TO SEXUAL VIOLENCE
We demand that all schools teach all students, regardless of age, gender identity, sex, disability, religion, race and sexual orientation, to respect one another’s physical and sexual boundaries. All schools must provide accessible and reliable means of reporting cases of sexual harassment and assault (be it physical, psychological, emotional and/or verbal) as enshrined within school governing documents/policies which must be inclusive.
In July 2021, the Safe to Learn global initiative launched two new contributions to accelerate progress to end violence in and through schools: a new investment case drafted by World Bank staff and a new Safe to Learn strategy.
Violence in and around schools could cost the world $11 trillion in lost lifetime earnings. This estimate shows the scope of the issue and its costs – not only for children, their families and communities, but also for societies as a whole.
The investment case was released on July 21st, 2021, alongside the new strategy of the Safe to Learn global initiative. Both documents go hand-in-hand, as the investment case, whose research was led by World Bank staff, provides critical analysis and estimates on costs of violence in and around schools, along with the negative impacts of violence on schooling, learning, and overall child well-being. It also clearly shows that scaling-up evidence-based interventions at different levels of the education system is a smart investment with high cost-benefit ratios.
As a response to the global and costly issue of violence in and around schools, the Safe to Learn coalition of partners has renewed its commitment for collective action through the new Safe to Learn Strategy (2021-2024). Its main goal is to accelerate progress towards at-scale change and ensure all girls and boys in all countries can learn safely wherever their learning experience happens – at home, in school, or online.
The Investment Case
By assessing the multi-pronged negative impacts of violence in and around schools, the investment case provides critical data and cost estimates on the extent to which violence negatively impacts schooling, learning, earnings, health, and long-term productivity.
The investment case also highlights a sample of programmes that have been proven to reduce violence in and through schools, including those that focus on early childhood, socio-emotional skills, anti-bullying, and life skills development. The study shows that these programmes do not just work – and have multiple benefits – but that their costs are also often small when compared to their benefits.
The 2021-2024 Safe to Learn Strategy
Safe to Learn is a coalition of 14 powerful partners from the education, violence prevention, child protection, and health fields that joined forces in 2018 to ensure that all children have access to safe learning environments. Following the global pandemic that has heightened two pre-existing crises – the learning crisis and the children’s rights crisis – the Safe to Learn partners decided to respond with renewed energy and commitment through an ambitious and operational strategy to accelerate progress and take change to scale.
The new Safe to Learn Strategy was endorsed by the 14 partners’ senior officials in May 2021. Its two strategic pillars, greater focus on country engagement and global advocacy, complement and reinforce each other to strengthen an ecosystem based on the strengths and comparative advantages of each partner, and produce a collective methodology to build foundations for at-scale change.
You can explore the 2021-2024 Strategy in full by clicking here. In addition, you can access annexes to the strategy, which include a technical note focused on gender and a results framework about accelerating progress for all children to be Safe to Learn.
Relevant resources developed by Safe to Learn partner organisations and others for use during the COVID-19 pandemic:
Safe and Inclusive Learning Environments
Safe to Learn during COVID-19: Recommendations to prevent and respond to violence against children in all learning environments
A set of recommendations for governments to help prevent and respond to violence against children in different learning environments during the COVID-19 pandemic. Also available in Arabic, French, Portuguese and Spanish.
CREATED BY: Safe to Learn Partners
Safe to Learn: Supporting schools to provide a safe online learning experience
Guidance directed at education ministries and outlines how schools can mitigate online risks and promote positive online experiences for children when learning online. Also available in Arabic, French, Portuguese and Spanish.
CREATED BY: Safe to Learn Partners
Learning Must Go On: Recommendations for keeping children safe and learning during and after the COVID-19 crisis
Recommendations for governments and donors to ensure emergency inclusive access to distance learning with emotional and mental health support during and after the crisis.
CREATED BY: Save the Children, UNICEF, INEE, Plan, Humanity and Inclusion and Finn Church Aid
Back to School, Build Back Better
Reopening Schools Safely: Recommendations for building back better to end violence against children in and through schools
Created by the Safe to Learn partners, these messages are based off the Safe to Learn Call to Action and build off the Framework for Reopening Schools. They aim to support governments to integrate and strengthen measures to prevent and respond to violence against children in and through schools. Also available in Arabic, French, Portuguese and Spanish.
CREATED BY: Safe to Learn partners
Working on the principle of ‘Build Back Better’, this policy brief, targeted at policymakers and practitioners, may be used to advocate for improved attention to school-related gender-based violence. It draws on emerging evidence on the gendered implications of COVID-19 on violence, as well as research from previous health emergencies regarding the impacts of school closures on gender-based violence.
CREATED BY: The Global Working Group to End School-Related Gender-Based Violence
Framework for reopening schools, April 2020
Guidelines aimed to inform the decision-making process regarding school reopening, support national preparations and guide the implementation process, as part of overall public health and education planning processes.
CREATED BY: UNICEF, UNESCO, the World Bank, the World Food Programme
Safe Back to School Practitioners Guide
Endorsed by the Global Education Cluster and the Child Protection Area of Responsibility as inter-agency guidance on the return to school. The guide builds on the UN Framework for Reopening Schools and provides concrete actions that can be taken to operationalise global policy recommendations.
CREATED BY: Global Education Cluster and Child Protection Area of Responsibility
Supplement offers a collection of key resources to support recovery as schools reopen after months of closure due to COVID-19 – including policy research, practical guides, and emerging best practices to help countries in the preparation and implementation of their national education recovery process. The Supplement highlights four key dimensions that can be used to inform education sector recovery planning: safe operations, learning, reaching the most marginalized and wellbeing/ protection.
CREATED BY: UNESCO, UNICEF, the World Bank, the World Food Programme