The development of the national action plan for 2017-2018 was highly participatory and included consultations with different institutions of the federal government, 24 civil society organizations, three autonomous bodies, the chambers of the National Congress, the Federal Judicial Authority, members of Mexican academia, UN organizations, and children and adolescents themselves.
In 2018, UNICEF Mexico, with the support of the National System for the Comprehensive Protection of Children and Adolescents and World Vision Mexico, organized meetings with adolescents and related agencies to identify priorities and actions to end violence against children until 2030.
To coordinate policy at the local level, 32 states have approved laws on the protection of children and adolescents and established comprehensive child protection mechanisms.
Mexico has significantly increased its data collection of violence against children in the past several years, especially regarding corporal punishment, physical and sexual violence against adolescents, violence in schools, homicides, and perceptions of violence. This has included four censuses, four administrative records and six national surveys.
In 2015, Mexico undertook a multiple indicator cluster survey, which included questions on child discipline.
The national action plan was linked to the implementation of the General Law of the Rights of Children and Adolescents of December 2014. The plan included 31 concrete actions and cross-cutting activities, the first phase of which focused on strengthening current government interventions by December 2018. The second phase aims to reinforce implementation and coordination in three Mexican federal entities through pilot projects, which will receive technical support: Baja California Sur, Guerrero and Tamaulipas. The third and last phase will provide the opportunity to further define actions until 2030.
The End Violence Against Children civil society organization coalition organized a national forum in January 2018 to discuss and present solutions to ending violence. This forum also helped develop key messages for the Solutions Summit. Civil society organizations conducted a series of child participation workshops, where children drafted proposals for a sensitization campaign.
The members of the End Violence Against Children coalition also helped to drive the #MxporlaNiñez movement, which brought together more than 100 civil society organizations in Mexico to promote a national dialogue around the Agenda of Childhood and Adolescence during the 2018 election.
Nine commitments to children and adolescents (two of which focused on violence against children) were put forward for public debate. In April 2018, several candidates, including current president Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador, declared their public commitment to the #MxporlaNiñez movement.
In October 2018, the Executive Secretariat of the National System for the Comprehensive Protection of Children and Adolescents and the Global Initiative to End All Corporal Punishment of Children held a two-day workshop aimed at strengthening the capacity of state authorities to prohibit and eliminate corporal punishment in all settings. Representatives from the government, juvenile justice and child protection systems, and federal authorities collaborated to develop state strategies and prohibit corporal punishment.
In 2019, End Violence and our partners are working to:
- By following-up with government focal points and establishing new contacts following a change of administration at the federal level, ensuring that ending violence against children remains a political priority in Mexico.
- By encouraging law reform at the sub-national level that prohibits corporal punishment in the home, within alternative care settings, and at daycare.
- By developing a financing strategy that involves the private sector, especially for the agencies that work on the protection of children and adolescents.
- By planning and designing coordinated actions around INSPIRE based on sub-national action plans as well as national priorities.
- By organising a policy dialogue with the Ministry of Education on the Handbook to Prevent School-based Violence with UNICEF, UNESCO and WHO.