Launched alongside the Global Partnership to End Violence Against Children in 2016, INSPIRE is a set of seven evidence-based strategies for countries and communities working to eliminate violence against children. Created by ten agencies with a long history of child protection work, INSPIRE serves as a technical package and guidebook for implementing effective, comprehensive programming to combat violence.

The World Health Organization (WHO) initiated preparation of INSPIRE, in collaboration with the United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), the Global Partnership to End Violence Against Children, the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO), the President's Emergency Program for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR), Together for Girls, the United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF), the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC), the United States Agency for International Development (USAID), and the World Bank.

In 2016, ten agencies collaborated to develop INSPIRE, a technical package of seven key strategies to end violence against children. This technical package, which can be found in more detail on the sidebar at right, pulls together proven strategies which, in the past, have successfully reduced violence against children. 

A father and son do homework at home.

Implementation and enforcement of laws

INSPIRE encourages laws that ban violent punishment of children by parents, caregivers, teachers and other adults, along with laws criminalizing perpetrators of sexual abuse and exploitation of children. INSPIRE also found that laws preventing alcohol misuse and youth access to firearms (and other weapons) have been proven to decrease violence. 

Norms and values

INSPIRE emphasizes the importance of changing harmful societal norms, which can target gender, ability level, age and other indicators. INSPIRE provides examples of effective community mobilization and bystander intervention programmes.

Safe environments

INSPIRE has found a reduction in violence by addressing "hotspots." Making environments safer can halt the spread of violence throughout a community. 

Parent and caregiver support

To truly stop violence against children, it is essential to engage parents and caregivers. INSPIRE provides ways of doing so, including home visits, group activities in community settings, and other evidence-based programmes that target praents and caregivers. 

Income and economic strengthening

Violence can often be prevented if a family's financial status improves. INSPIRE outlines interventions that strengthen families' economic standing, including cash transfers, group savings and loans programs combined with gender equity training, and microfinance initiatives combined with gender norm training. 

Response and support services

INSPIRE provides examples of effective counselling and therapeutic approaches, screening combined with interventions, and treatment programmes for juvenile offenders in the criminal justice system. In addition, the package includes foster care interventions that involve existing social welfare services. 

Education and life skills

INSPIRE provides recommendations for increasing enrollment in preschools, primary schools and secondary schools, and relays the importance of safe, enabling school environments. By increasing children's knowledge about violence and sexual exploitation, children are less likely to become victim to such abuses, making life skills and social training an essential part of the INSPIRE package.

INSPIRE: Seven strategies for ending violence against children reflects the contributions of technical experts from many partners. The INSPIRE Working Group Advisory and Operational Support team is made up of:

  • World Health Organization
  • United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
  • Global Partnership to End Violence Against Children
  • Pan American Health Organization
  • Together for Girls
  • United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime
  • World Bank
  • Child Protection Network Foundation
  • Impact and Innovations Development Centre 
  • Ignite Philanthropy
  • African Partnership to End Violence Against Children
  • Violence Prevention Alliance Jamaica
  • World Council of Churches
A baby smiles with his father in Cote D'Ivoire.

Image Credits

Header: © UNICEF/UNI177576/Richter
What is INSPIRE?: © UNICEF/UN0289229/Sokol