Sri Lanka

Sri Lanka has been a pathfinding country since November of 2016. Soon after, the government of Sri Lanka launched a National Partnership to End Violence Against Children in Sri Lanka, uniting government agencies, civil society organizations, faith-based groups, academia, the private sector, and United Nations agencies to strengthen support for children. The End Violence Fund is also supporting a project led by Save the Children Denmark in Sri Lanka, which is conducting research and working with the government to develop a National Action Plan on online child safety, among other activities.

1998

The National Child Protection Authority Act is passed, which aims to advise the government on policies and laws to prevent child abuse. It also increases services for the protection and treatment of children who are victims of abuse, among other objectives.

2005

The Convention on Preventing and Combating Trafficking in Women and Children for Prostitution Act is passed. The Convention exists to promote cooperation to prevent and suppress the trafficking of women and children, rehabilitate victims of trafficking, and prevent the use of women and children within international prostitution networks.

2006

Sri Lanka makes a commitment to prohibiting corporal punishment of children at a meeting of the South Asia Forum.

2016

Sri Lanka becomes a pathfinding country in November of 2016. In addition, the Ministry of Women and Child Affairs launches a National Action Plan to Address Sexual and Gender-Based Violence 2016-2020, which includes GBV against girls. A Social Protection Action Plan (2016-2018) is also established, which gives financial support to child protection mechanisms.

2017

During its Universal Periodic Review, Sri Lanka supports recommendations to review the absence of a minimum age for marriage under Muslim law. During the review, Sri Lanka also accepts a recommendation to prohibit corporal punishment in all settings, and makes a political commitment to do so.

2018

Sri Lanka launches the National Plan of Action to End Violence Against Children 2018-2022.

After becoming a pathfinding country, the government of Sri Lanka launched its National Partnership to End Violence Against Children in 2017, which unites government agencies, UNICEF, civil society, faith-based groups, academia, the private sector, international organizations and other partners. The 2018-2022 action plan was drafted following a comprehensive consultative process involving multiple stakeholders, including representatives from the government of Sri Lanka, the United Nations, national and international non-governmental organizations, community-based organizations, development partners, and the private sector.

The Ministry has also revived the National Monitoring Committee for the Rights of the Child, a multi-stakeholder coordination group originally created following the adoption of the Convention on the Rights of the Child, which is the highest authority to make collaborative decisions for the realization of children’s rights. Along with six members appointed by the President of Sri Lanka, the Committee is comprised of secretaries or heads of departments from 17 ministries and government agencies with a child rights mandate.

The National Plan of Action calls for the development and implementation of a detailed monitoring and evaluation mechanism to track, monitor and evaluate programs addressing violence against children. Currently, there is a lack of up-to-date and disaggregated data on the prevalence, trends, and drivers of violence, particularly at the regional level.

In 2016, the Department of Census and Statistics conducted a Demographic and Health Survey at the request of the Ministry of Health, Nutrition and Indigenous Medicine, which included indicators on domestic violence. Also in 2016, the Ministry of Women and Child Affairs established the National Child Rights Monitoring Mechanism, connecting 57 government institutions that work on children’s issues.

The 2017 Country Discussion Paper and the 2017 road map document both found that corporal punishment is common. The National Child Protection Authority has found that 80 percent of school-children have experienced at least one form of corporal punishment within the last school term.

The National Plan of Action focuses on prevention and early intervention as a strategy in addressing violence against children while supporting data collection, research, analysis and reporting of incidents of violence to ensure evidence-based interventions. Interventions draw upon several of the INSPIRE strategies, including:

(a) legislation, training of law enforcement, coordination and collaboration between different stakeholders, and strengthening reporting mechanisms;

(b) learning modules, training programs, and public awareness and media campaigns;

(c) awareness-raising and information dissemination among parents;

(d) access to services and provision of psychosocial support; and

(e) life skills training programs.

The implementation of the plan is divided into short-term (up to one year), medium-term (up to three years) and long-term (up to five years) actions. The plan identifies three specific priority issues, including physical and humiliating punishment, sexual abuse and exploitation, and online safety of children.

A group of civil society organizations and United Nations agencies established a working group in 2016 to partner with the government in its attempts to end violence against children. This grew to become the National Partnership to End Violence against Children, which was launched in June of 2017. Additionally, local civil society organizations regularly come together in the National Coordinating and Action Group, where they advocate for the government to implement its pathfinding commitments. 

In 2019, End Violence and our partners are working to:

GROW DEMAND

  • By supporting the launch of a national action plan on child sexual exploitation and abuse, anticipated in April 2019, which includes the implementation of the law on child marriage.
     
  • By encouraging law reform to prohibit corporal punishment in the home, alternative care settings, daycare and schools.

MOBILISE RESOURCES

  • By exploring how private companies in Sri Lanka invest in programmes that address violence against children across communities, and by sharing lessons learned with the wider industry and businesses.

EQUIP PRACTITIONERS 

  • By supporting a round table discussion on early childhood development.
     
  • By strengthening existing participation platforms for children and youth in collaboration with the World Council of Churches.
     
  • By training front-line health care providers in the identification of and response to children who have suffered physical abuse, sexual abuse, emotional abuse and neglect.
     
  • By training and linking social service providers to better coordinate prevention and response to cases of violence against children.