The development of both the RPJMN and the national strategy involved consultations with both government and civil society, including all relevant national ministries, local government agencies, various national and sub-national non-governmental organizations, the private sector, the media, and religious and community groups. It also engaged children by conducting a combination of face-to-face and online consultations with children.
The Ministry of Women Empowerment and Child Protection supports the Civil Society Organization Alliance on Ending Violence Against Children, Aliansi PKTA, in bringing together all major non-governmental organizations working to end violence. The Alliance facilitates child participation, works at a national level, supports development of the sub-national Provincial Action Plan on Sustainable Development Goals Target 16.2, and disseminates community information on violence against children.
To strengthen community participation and multi-stakeholder collaboration, the government has implemented the Community-Based Integrated Child Protection Strategy (PATBM), which focuses on prevention and early detection of violence against children. Currently, PATBM has been established in 34 provinces, 107 cities, and 359 villages. The Ministry of Women Empowerment and Child Protection has also initiated the Forum for Public Participation for Women and Children to strengthen collaboration.
Child Forum 2P (Pioneer and Reporter) was established to allow children to be involved in development planning at village, district, city, and provincial levels. Children were consulted during the development of both the national strategy on ending violence against children and the forthcoming RPJMN 2020-2025.
Local governments across Indonesia track data collection related to violence against children and service provision through an online system called Simfoni. This system allows the government to map the status of child-friendly districts and cities nationwide. The government has committed resources to conduct a national survey on violence against children, and to continue annual evaluations of the child-friendly district and city program.
In 2017, Sustainable Development Goal baselines for children at the national level were launched at the High-level Political Forum, including data and information on child abuse. In 2018, the Baseline Sustainable Development Goals for children were launched in 2018.
The Ministry of Women Empowerment and Child Protection conducted a National Survey of Child Life Experiences in 2018 in collaboration with the Central Statistics Agency. Funding for these activities was sourced from the National Budget.
As part of its mid-term development plan, Indonesia launched a holistic strategy to prevent child rights violations by creating child-friendly districts and cities, including family learning centers, child-friendly schools and community-based child protection initiatives. Government approaches focus on:
The provision of services, including integrated service units for children, community health centers, supporting an integrative child welfare center, strengthening coordination between services, and telephone consultations for children)
Strengthening prevention mechanisms, including the Child Friendly City program
Boosting human resource capacity, including training programs for law enforcement and service providers in the juvenile justice system).
Aliansi PKTA works to change social norms and practices, support positive parenting, improve the quality of data and evidence and provide support services. The alliance published a book on civil society’s good practices to end violence against children, distributes information through social media on online sexual violence, parental/ caregivers’ guidance, child marriage, child trafficking, digital literacy and other issues. The alliance is holding an INSPIRE workshop on law reform to achieve a prohibition of corporal punishment in April 2019.
PUSKAPA is an interdisciplinary team of researchers, policy thinkers, and program implementers that work with scientists, practitioners, and civil society actors to help the government improve children’s access to health, education, justice and social care. They do this through a) research to generate the scientific evidence behind the solutions; b) advocacy to promote the solutions through public dialogues, technical assistance, program design, management and evaluation; and c) capacity building to train, mentor, and provide field experiences for the next generation of researchers and practitioners.
Indonesia expressed its commitment to prohibiting all corporal punishment of children, including in the home, by clearly accepting the recommendation to do so made during the Universal Periodic Review of Indonesia in 2017.