Every five minutes, a child dies as a result of violence. An estimated 120 million girls and 73 million boys have been victims of sexual violence, and almost one billion children are subjected to physical punishment on a regular basis. 

As part of Agenda 2030, the world’s governments have set ambitious targets to end violence by 2030, in order to deliver the vision of a world where all children – girls and boys alike – grow up free from violence and exploitation.

The Global Partnership to End Violence Against Children will support the efforts of those seeking to prevent violence, protect childhood, and help make societies safe for children.

 

 

The Global Partnership to End Violence Against Children offers an opportunity to help governments, international organizations, civil society, faith leaders, the private sector, philanthropists and foundations, researchers and academics work together to confront the unacceptable levels of violence that children suffer.

The Global Partnership to End Violence Against Children is an opportunity to help governments, international organizations, civil society, faith leaders, the private sector, philanthropists and foundations, researchers and academics work together to confront the unacceptable levels of violence that children suffer.

A world in which every child grows up free from violence​

‘End Violence’ Conference sparks a public debate on parenting in Montenegro​

PODGORICA, Montenegro, 27 February 2017 –  Violence, neglect and dysfunctional parenting have long term costs for children, their families and societies, but can be prevented through stronger public health and child protection interventions. This was the key message of the conference "End Violence Against Children", which brought together the President of Montenegro, six Ministers, of : Labour and Social Welfare, Health, Education, Justice, Internal Affairs and Human Rights and international and local experts on violence against children. The conference was organized by the Government of Montenegro and UNICEF in partnership with the EU and the Telenor Foundation. The need for a decisive action regarding violence against children is evident from the results of UNICEF research from December 2016. The data show that adverse childhood experiences are much more present than discussed in public and that there is still a high degree of tolerance of violence in society. Every second citizen finds physical punishment acceptable and thinks that yelling at a child is not a form of violence. Every third citizen does not consider a slap in the face and open threats to the child to be violence, while one quarter do not see blackmailing as a form of violence in the upbringing of children. Most citizens, 77 percent of them, believe that parents should not allow children to question their decisions.   The consequences of growing up in a violent environment now have a strong evidence base as set out in a captivating presentation to 400 delegates including the President and Deputy Prime Minister, by Dr Nadine Burke Harris, a world class thought-leader, campaigner and practitioner (Dr Burke-Harris’s TED talk can be seen here.) "High doses of negative experiences in childhood affect our brain and other organs, immune system, even the DNA. Children exposed to adverse childhood experiences are more likely to develop heart disease and to commit suicide," said Dr Burke-Harris.  The conference marked the beginning of the second phase of the  “End Violence” campaign initiated by the Government of Montenegro and UNICEF which shifts focus from online violence last year, to family violence this year. UNICEF Montenegro Representative Benjamin Perks, pointed out that adversity, violence and neglect are far more prevalent than we ever knew before with up to 40% of children growing up with poor parental attachment. "Adversity is often passed from a parent to a child in an endless inter-generational cycle of pain, humiliation and despair and with grave consequences for our society," said Perks, at the same time urging the conference participants to make efforts to break the public taboo which obscures the problem of violence against children. This appeal was joined by the Charge d'Affaires and Head of Cooperation at the EU Delegation to Montenegro, Andre Lys. "We must not allow a single child to live in fear, especially within their families. 90 percent of violence is never discovered, so it is especially important not to be silent, but to speak out," Lys pointed out. Six ministers who attended the conference pledged to reduce the number of children facing adverse childhood experiences in Montenegro. Minister of Labour and Social Welfare, Kemal Purišić, said that, in the next four years, the Government would direct state resources towards the strengthening of the child protection system, in line with the Convention on the Rights of the Child and other international documents regulating this field. He explained that this process will also include active engagement of the Ministry of Justice, Ministry of Internal Affairs, Ministry of Health, Ministry of Education and Ministry of Human and Minority Rights, as they would work in partnership to create proper regulation for fighting violence against children. “In cooperation with the Ministry of Internal Affairs and other partners, the Ministry of Labour and Social Welfare will establish a national safe-house for children victims of violence, which will further develop special programs for children victims," Purišić said adding that in this safe-house, medical check-ups and forensic interviews with children who have been exposed to abuse or violence would take place in future. Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Justice, Zoran Pažin, said that it was necessary to establish a register of persons convicted for sexual abuse of children. "I believe that the deadline for this which is provided in the draft Strategy as year 2021, is inappropriately long, as I think this should be done in a shorter period," Pažin pointed out. The Government of Montenegro committed to join the UN Global Partnership to End Violence Against Children and this was saluted by the Director of End Violence, Susan Bissell, who added: "This partnership depends on the commitment of the countries. It is a platform for all countries wishing to implement the global Sustainable Development Goals and to accelerate action at the national level to put an end to violence against children." The conference appealed for the establishment of quality, multidisciplinary services for the promotion of positive parenting and protection of children from adverse childhood experiences. Frances Gardner, Professor of Child and Family Psychology at Oxford University explained how services such as pre-natal visits, screening, patronage services, as well as the expansion of preschool education can prevent or mitigate the effects of violence and adverse childhood experiences. Professor Gardner presented a parenting support program which includes a set of successful parenting practices that can be applied in different cultures. "The program was established in various countries on the basis of the degree to which these countries nurture traditional values in family relations. Its effects are equally strong in traditional societies - we have programs in Iran, Hong Kong, in some deeply religious societies, as well as in the liberal countries," said Professor Gardner. Global positive trends in successful parenting practices are also promoted by the UNICEF Office of Research - Innocenti. Its representative at the conference, Jasmina Byrne, who manages research related to child protection issues, family and parental support, and digital technologies, explained that the most popular services are specialized support centers for parents. She particularly emphasized the importance of services intended for families going through crisis. "There are targeted family visits intended for families who are experiencing certain problems. When it comes to these programs, the emphasis is on supporting families to resolve their problems on their own," said Byrne, who reminded the audience that Montenegro has recently launched  a national SOS line which provides support to parents to help implement positive parenting practices. David McLaughlin, Deputy Director of UNICEF Regional Office for Central and Eastern Europe and the Commonwealth of Independent States, presented the conference conclusions reminding that this is just a beginning of a public debate on violence against children in Montenegro, which will raise awareness about the benefits of non-violent upbringing of children and promote best parenting practices.​

Pathfinder Romania reaffirms commitment to fight violence against children at End Violence launch in Bucharest​

BUCHAREST, 2 March 2017 –Prime Minister Sorin Grindeanu of Romania, together with the Ministers of Education and for European Affairs and Secretaries of State from the Ministry of Labour and Social Justice, UNICEF, Embassies and representatives of civil society and children, reaffirmed his Government’s commitment to contribute to ending violence against children in Romania and beyond borders. Prime Minister Grindeanu confirmed Romania’s position as one of 12 pathfinding countries of End Violence Global Partnership worldwide and showed concern over the increasing amplitude of the issue. “It is our responsibility to take a stand against violence, exploitation and abuse, in all its forms. We must raise children in a safe, violence free environment, and offer the access to a normal adulthood, free from the burden of childhood trauma,” said Grindeanu, who then outlined the country’s ambitious target to end violence by 2030, the recent progress in ratifying the Istanbul Convention on Preventing and Ending Violence Against Women and Domestic Violence, and the next steps in the implementation of national strategies. The Prime Minister highlighted the existing collaboration between the Government, UNICEF, civil society, teachers, parents and children, as key to progress. He mentioned in particular a model of innovative cross-sectoral, preventive services focusing on vulnerable children and their families developed by the Government, UNICEF and local authorities, which will be replicated with EU funding. “Despite Romania’s progress in recent years, violence remains the reality of many Romanian children. Romania is committed to build political will, accelerate reforms and strengthen collaboration within and outside the country to protect children from violence and to share its experience globally. UNICEF is working with the Government, the Parliament, civil society and other partners to support this commitment,” said UNICEF Representative in Romania Sandie Blanchet. Within the Partnership, UNICEF and the Government of Romania launched a joint national awareness campaign on violence against children in society featuring “It’s not normal for it to be normal, violence against children is unacceptable”. The campaign places acts of violence against children in everyday life circumstances, thus dramatizing this “abnormal normality”.  Public service announcement of violence against children campaign in society: http://bit.do/UrbanSpot  http://bit.do/RuralSpot

Special issue of the Journal of Psychology, Health and Medicine

A special issue of the Journal of Psychology, Health and Medicine is now out, featuring 15 papers commissioned by Know Violence in Childhood: A Global Learning Initiative. The papers are written by leading researchers from diverse disciplines and countries. They address a range of issues that point to the complexity of violence experienced by children across the world – as well as evidence of strategies that are beginning to demonstrate effective ways to prevent violence. They make a strong case for policies and investments that can end violence in childhood. This is necessary to protect the human rights of children and greatly increase their potential to enjoy childhood and enhance their capabilities. View the complete issue here Papers in this special edition are listed below: Editorial: Ending violence in childhood: a global imperativeA. K. Shiva Kumar, Vivien Stern, Ramya Subrahmanian, Lorraine Sherr, Patrick Burton, Nancy Guerra, Robert Muggah, Maureen Samms-Vaughan, Charlotte Watts and Soumya Kapoor Mehta What explains childhood violence? Micro correlates from VACS surveysShamika Ravi and Rahul Ahluwalia Child violence experiences in institutionalised/orphanage care Lorraine Sherr, Kathryn J. Roberts and Natasha Gandhi The impact of humanitarian emergencies on the prevalence of violence againstchildren: an evidence-based ecological framework Beth L. Rubenstein and Lindsay Stark The impact of polyvictimisation on children in LMICs: the case of Jamaica Maureen Samms-Vaughan and Michael Lambert The frequency and predictors of poly-victimisation of South African children andthe role of schools in its prevention Lezanne Leoschut and Zuhayr Kafaar Disclosure of physical, emotional and sexual child abuse, help-seeking and accessto abuse response services in two South African Provinces Franziska Meinck, Lucie Cluver, Heidi Loening-Voysey, Rachel Bray, Jenny Doubt,Marisa Casale and Lorraine Sherr Temporal patterns and predictors of bullying roles among adolescents inVietnam: a school-based cohort study Ha Thi Hai Le, Michael P. Dunne, Marilyn A. Campbell, Michelle L. Gatton,Huong Thanh Nguyen and Nam T. TranP. S. Lilleston, L. Goldmann, R. K. Verma and J. McCleary-Sills Understanding social norms and violence in childhood: theoretical underpinningsand strategies for intervention Loraine J. Bacchus, Manuela Colombini, Manuel Contreras Urbina, Emma Howarth, Frances Gardner,Jeannie Annan, Kim Ashburn, Bernadette Madrid, Ruti Levtov and Charlotte Watts The prevention of violence in childhood through parenting programmes: a global review Charlene Coore Desai, Jody-Ann Reece and Sydonnie Shakespeare-Pellington What do we know about preventing school violence? A systematic review of systematic reviews Soraya Lester, Cayleigh Lawrence and Catherine L. Ward School corporal punishment in global perspective: prevalence, outcomes, and efforts atintervention Elizabeth T. Gershoff Bullying in schools: the state of knowledge and effective interventions Ersilia Menesini and Christina Salmivalli Violence and alternative care: a rapid review of the evidenceIsabelle Brodie and Jenny Pearce Towards a framework for preventing community violence among youthThomas P. Abt

Abuse in Sport – A Selection of Writings by Celia Brackenridge 

Ten months ago my life expectancy was nine and a half months: best not tarry then. I felt impelled to put together this collection of outputs for two main reasons: first, the media firestorm that erupted late this year when sexual abuse in men’s professional Association Football finally made the headlines and, secondly, the realisation that I had produced a fair amount of material over the years that had probably never been accessed or read!  I had been researching sexual exploitation in sport since the mid-1980s so was unsurprised by the football revelations. But what kept them so long? There are many possible explanations for the delay, some obvious and some more nuanced. Many are posited in others’ research papers. I was frustrated at the poor quality of journalism on show and the apparent lack of willingness of most in the media to read or to bother checking the ‘facts’ that they were presenting. Many distortions of the truth were published, some subsequently repeated by those too lazy to do their own homework. At the time the football story broke I was simply too ill to engage with the many journalists clamouring for interviews; however, I sent each of them a short reading list in the hope that they might take a step back and produce more informed accounts in the future. I realised, however, that whilst almost all of my work had already been published and was therefore available in the public domain, what was missing from view was a number of unpublished or difficult-to-access pieces that might also have something to offer researchers, journalists and general readers interested in the lineage of the issue of abuse in sport.  My closest community of interest comprises members of BIRNAW, the Brunel International Network for Athlete Welfare. I have deliberately included several pieces here that were rejected by reviewers, editors or supervisors, both to show younger BIRNAW members that not everything they write will succeed (!) but also to encourage them to keep trying in their endeavours to be published. I have also included several ‘advocacy’ pieces that show how so-called academic research can inform lobbying both to sport organisations and also to mainstream welfare and protection agencies. My view is that research and advocacy go hand-in-hand and that, whilst research subserves advocacy, advocacy will never succeed without a good evidence base. The sharp-eyed amongst you will notice that some of the early material in here was later subsumed in Spoilsports (2001). I make no apology for repetition.  Other sources are, of course, quite widely available as the field of study has grown rapidly since my first tentative sorties in the mid-1980s. BIRNAW, in particular, now numbers more than 60 researchers and policy-makers working on athlete welfare and abuse prevention. A lengthening list of doctoral theses is also available as well as articles and papers on the subject published by both sport and non-sport journals. I hope this collection might help to show how the field of enquiry has evolved and also stimulate reflection and action by anyone seeking to understand how and why athletes have been sexually abused in sport. I hope also that the Coda may prove helpful!  Celia Brackenridge Wigginton, UK, December 2016  Click here to download a copy​

Everyone has a Role to Play in Creating a Safer Internet for Children​

Tuesday, 7 February marks the 13th Safer Internet Day.  End Violence will join organisations from more than 100 countries in supporting a call for action to make sure children can take part in online activities free from the dangers of exploitation and online bullying. A veritable explosion in access to cheap computers and mobile devices around the world is giving online access to an ever growing number of people. As a tool for learning and accessing public discourse and media, the importance of the internet cannot be overstated. Online access is increasingly being recognised as a human right – an essential part of social participation in an increasingly connected world. There is little secret though, that access to the internet can also come with dangers — especially for children and young people. Given its importance, that access isn’t something that should simply be taken away from children until they are old enough to fend for themselves online - parents, educators and policymakers all have a responsibility to ensure children have safe access to the internet, protecting them both from online predators and from the harm of online bullying by their peers. Preventing and Tackling Online ExploitationThe WeProtect Global Alliance to End Child Sexual Exploitation Online is a valued End Violence partner mobilising those with a commitment to and the responsibility for protecting children from online sexual exploitation, no matter where they live in the world. In November, 2016 WeProtect published a Model National Response to provide governments and other stakeholders with a framework for building their own response apparatus for preventing and tackling online sexual exploitation of children. Rather than prescribing a single approach to the issue, the document’s purpose is to describe the capabilities needed for effective child protection, highlight good practice from countries that are already delivering these capabilities, and signpost organisations that can provide further guidance and support to countries seeking to develop or enhance their existing capability. The Model National Response covers areas from legislation and law enforcement, to victim support services and education, as well as encouraging support and innovation from private sector leaders in the field of online technologies. Proper use of the model will help countries to identify actions that contribute to the delivery of child-focused Sustainable Development Goal targets, such as 16.2 - end abuse, exploitation, trafficking and all forms of violence and torture against children. Addressing CyberbullyingIn addition to making it easier for friends and family to keep in touch, social media has allowed bullying by peers to follow many children home from school. As many as 1 in 4 children and adolescents report that they have been bullied online, and far more report seeing it happen. In October of last year, Marta Santos Pais, the UN Secretary General’s Special Representative on Violence Against Children, released a new global report on how we can respond to and prevent bullying both online and in person. Ending the Torment: tackling bullying from the schoolyard to cyberspace brings together the latest global data on the prevalence of the issue around the world, the factors that drive bullying, and interventions being proven to prevent it. The report lays out a roadmap for policymakers to understand the issue and to take real steps in addressing it - from awareness raising and empowering children to report their experiences, to examples of public policies and school interventions.  

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Click here to watch more films about the Partnership and ending violence against children. 

We need to change the way that policymakers, campaigners and the public think about ending violence, winning the argument that we should – and can – make societies safer for children.

 

End Violence is bringing together stakeholders from across the world to end all forms of violence against children, turning the belief that no violence against children is justifiable and all violence is preventable into a compelling agenda for action.

 

The Fund to End Violence Against Children is independent of, but associated with, the Partnership. It will provide catalytic finance to support the delivery of the partnership’s strategy.

 

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End Violence Against Children

The Global Partnership and Fund

End Violence Against Children

The Global Partnership