Pathfinder Roadmap - Tanzania
The Government of Tanzania is well advanced in the process of developing a new National Plan of Action to Prevent and Respond to Violence against Women and Children, expected to be finalized by the end of August 2016. This is the second generation of national plans since Tanzania released a Violence Against Children Survey in 2011. This new Plan is based on the lessons learnt and successes from the first series of national plans of action on violence against women and children. The main lessons learnt were: the need for a stronger prevention component; the necessity to improve and reinforce coordination between the different levels of service delivery; and the importance of consolidating protection efforts across vulnerable groups.
The new Plan is putting more emphasis on violence prevention, including: strengthening the capacity of boys and girls to contribute to their own protection; engaging with parents on positive parenting skills that eliminate use of violence in child rearing; addressing harmful social norms; and creating a movement to end violence against children. In addition, it includes greater emphasis on the role of boys and men in preventing violence against children.
The new Plan will benefit from a higher level of oversight, will lead to more streamlined coordination from national down to village level, and will generate better linkages between parallel programs. The new Plan aims to be much more efficient for victims and for the staff in charge of delivering prevention and response services.
The new Plan will eliminate the conundrum of labeling and separating victims of violence and will instead recognize every individual’s evolving needs throughout the life cycle, from childhood to adulthood. The new Plan has developed a theory of change to address violence against children that is based on local evidence and lessons learned, but also on global evidence-based best practices, as captured in the INSPIRE strategies and in the UN Women framework on action to prevent violence against women. The Government of Tanzania is committed to achieve the relevant goals in the 2030 agenda, especially SDG 16.2.
National SDG targets, indicators and baseline data for ending violence
The Government of Tanzania recognizes that it is essential to have timely and accurate information to empower coordination actors to strategically plan and make responsive implementation decisions. Additionally, the government will plan to assess the effectiveness of the implementation of the commitments stated in the new National Plan of Action to reduce violence against women and children through tracking progress over time. A select number of local implementation and population-based indicators will be closely monitored to help inform a more responsive decision-making management process. A dedicated government coordination unit will be put in place to provide oversight and technical support for the implementation and monitoring of interventions across sectors.
Priorities and milestones: Critical national actions
By the end of the current National Plan of Action to Prevent Violence Against Women and Children, the Government of Tanzania aspires to:
Scale up income and economic strengthening approaches
National scale-up of social protection and household economic strengthening programs that integrate the protection and well-being of women and children. The Government of Tanzania will create linkages between social protection programs like TASAF (Tanzania Social Action Fund) and other economic strengthening approaches (microcredit, cash transfers, skills training, etc.) that reduce the vulnerability of women and children to violence.
Change norms and values
The National Plan of Action encourages social change through norms and values that empower and protect women and children and generate a consensus that no form of violence can be justified and that all forms of violence can and should be prevented. It also encourages social change that brings about respect for women, girls and boys, and promotes the role of men as champions of gender equality.
Create safe environments
The Government of Tanzania is committed to creating safe environments through a comprehensive approach to prevent and respond to sexual harassment and other forms of violence against women and children in different settings.
Minimum standards on infrastructure for all care and educational places - schools, universities, training colleges, hospitals and correctional facilities - will be developed to ensure appropriate access, safety, lighting and security. Training on the standard will be provided to those working in these spaces. Systems will be put in place to monitor the enforcement of the standards.
Support to parents and caregivers
The Government of Tanzania is committed to scaling up programs that support more respectful and equitable relationships between young men and women, and to delivering them in both schools and communities.
The National Parenting Framework will be developed and implemented by increasing the number of caregivers that receive appropriate support through existing structures and systems, leading to significant changes in parenting practices.
This framework will be scaled up throughout the country during the implementation of the National Plan of Action.
Implement and enforce laws
The National Plan of Action highlights the need to actively engage leaders, decision makers, public servants and professionals in preventing and responding to violence. It also emphasizes the implementation and enforcement of laws, such as: Law of the Child Act, Law of Marriage, Penal Code, Magistrate Courts Act, Employment Labor Act, and Inheritance laws. Paying particular attention to the laws that can directly prevent and respond to violence against children.
Improve the capacity of response and support services
The Government of Tanzania commits to improving the capacity, quality and coordination of key local government services providers including health, judiciary, education, and civil society that are at the heart of the country’s protection system.
It also commits to scale up the protection system to continue providing much-needed quality services that can be accessed by children at district, ward and village levels in all regions across the country.
Promote education and life skills
The National Plan of Action incorporates multiple strategies to address a broad range of violence within educational settings. To effectively implement these strategies it will engage school board members, administrators, parents, students, community members, emergency response personnel, and law enforcement agents through locally owned processes and collaborative solutions.
It will also consolidate and standardize existing positive discipline initiatives and generate a base of evidence to prove that positive discipline is key to creating safe and positive learning environments.
Leadership and coordination across sectors
The Prime Minister’s Office will coordinate the National Plan of Action and will convene all sectors involved in its implementation, with the support of the Ministry of Health, Community Development, Gender, the Elderly and Children as the secretariat of the Plan.
A coordination framework is being developed as part of the National Plan of Action to clearly establish the coordination structure and sectoral leads.
Role of each sector and non-government actors
The coordination framework will establish the responsibilities for each sector. The Government of Tanzania recognizes the importance of civil society and faith based organizations in the former national plans of action regarding violence against children, but also in the development and future implementation of the new National Plan of Action.
The Government of Tanzania also recognizes that for the National Plan of Action to succeed, the social welfare and community development systems and structures need to be capable of implementing ambitious programs and services for preventing and responding to violence. Additionally:
- Leaders across sectors and at all levels must be increasingly committed to ending violence against women and children.
- Sectors must work together to plan and deliver interventions.
- Strong coordination structures at all levels must be created and connected.
Role of children
The Government of Tanzania is committed to promoting the role of children as main stakeholders in all processes related to their wellbeing. Consultations with children were carried out during the preparative stages of the new National Plan of Action, while representatives of the Junior Councils participated in the workshop for the development of the Plan. Children will play also a key role in monitoring the implementation of the Plan.
Investment in ending violence
The Government of Tanzania in committed to investing for children and having the new National Plan of Action costed. It is also committed to carrying out an analysis of the cost of inaction before the end of the year in order to assess the impact of violence against children in the country as a whole.
Once the costing is finalized and the budget to implement the first year of the Plan determined, it will be used as a basis to determine the budget for the remaining years of the Plan.
As part of the new National Plan of Action a monitoring and evaluation framework is being developed and will be coordinated by the Prime Minister’s Office to monitor the implementation of the Plan and to ensure that the information generated is being gathered and recorded.